Capernaum was a former fishing town located at the northern shore of the sea of Galilee. The town is cited in the Gospel of Luke where it was reported to have been the home of the apostles Simon Peter, Andrew, James and John, as well as the tax collector Matthew. Archaeological excavations have revealed two ancient synagogues built one over the other. Capernaum is also mentioned in the Gospel of Mark (2:1), it is the location of the famous healing of the paralytic lowered through the roof to reach Jesus. According to the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus selected this town as the center of his public ministry in the Galilee after he left the small mountainous hamlet of Nazareth (Matthew 4:12–17). Capernaum has no obvious advantages over any other city in the area, so he probably chose it because it was the home of his first disciples, Simon (Peter) and Andrew.
Capernaum was the center of Jesus activities in the Galilee and his town during that time. Jesus taught in the local synagogue.
An olive mill and an olive press dating from Roman times in Capernaum
Parts of the synagogue stones are displayed in the area around the excavations.
Remains of the 4th century synagogue.
In 1990 a modern church was built over the 5th Century church, over St Peter's house.
The Octagon Church built over St Peter's house.
Tilapia, also known as St. Peter's fish.